Thursday, May 14, 2020

Deforestation And Its Effects On The Environment - 1616 Words

Background Webster dictionary defines deforestation as the action or process of clearing of forests. It occurs when humans desire to make use of land covered by forest for other purposes. This clearing of tree is concerning due to the fact that trees are being cut down at a rate much greater then they can grow back. This is called overshot, and can have a devastating impact on the environment. There is an estimated loss of 18 million acres of forest each year. That is roughly equivalent to the size of the country Panama. That is equivalent to a loss of 36 football fields of forest every minute. This leads to the destruction of the habitats of thousands of animals, and plays a huge role in climate change. Deforestation is believed to be the leading cause of climate change, contributing 1.6 billion tons of greenhouse gases, roughly 30 percent, of annual greenhouse gas emissions. This is a global issue, however usually tropical rainforests are targeted. Countries with the most significa nt deforestation include Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the Democratic Republic of Congo, with the most deforestation is Indonesia. In the last century, Indonesia has lost 16 million hectares of forest. The World Resources Institute estimates that most of the world’s remaining indigenous forest is located in Canada, Alaska, Russia and the Northwestern Amazon basin. Deforestation has been happening since the beginning of civilization. Scientists estimate that half of the world’s tropical forestsShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment845 Words   |  4 Pagesdo to protect the environment? Our planet is shifting, we need to help it change for the better. There are many effects that can change our Globe in a shocking manner but, the good news is each individual can contribute to make a better world for our children. People across the world acquired, use, and dispose enormous multiplicity of products which helps to build our lives easier and more comfortable. However, the outcome of this can make massive damage to our environment. Working together withRead MoreEffects Of Deforestation On The Environment1389 Words   |  6 PagesDeforestation is one of the many problems this world faces today. Many people are unaware of how harmful deforestation can be towards the environment and the animals that inhabit the area. Many people don’t even know what deforestation is and that it’s actually happening. To sum it all up, deforestation is the process of destroying forests by cutting them down or burning the trees down, destroying hundreds of acres in order to make more land available for other uses thinking that the benefits outweighRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment1379 Words   |  6 Pagesyou no choice but to run through the forest. Being separated from family members, all alone in the african desert with no home left. This issue is happening all over the place for many beloved animals yet not much is being done about it at all. Deforestation is a major issue for animals, forests are a huge source of oxygen for the wildlife surrounding them. â€Å"80% of the animals in the world live in or around forests†(National Geographic, Munita) there has been a huge increase for many species goingRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment1120 Words   |  5 PagesTo start off, thirty percent of the world’s land are forests. (Anonymous, para. 1). However, the number of forests are dwindling down due to the deforestation that happens every year. Deforestation is â€Å"the act or result of cutting down or burning all the trees in an area† (Anonymous). Unfortunately, this damages the land. Deforestation has many factors of what causes the loss of trees. There are agriculture farmers that cut down trees to have more acres to grow more plants or to have more livestockRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment915 Words   |  4 Pageson going environmental issues, which include water shortages, soil erosion and deforestation. The soil erosion has been caused by an excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers. Deforestation has been a detrimental issue because of the large amounts of agricultural and land clearing, and not to mention the over use of wood products for fuel purposes, without replanting new growth. Another leading cause of deforestation is forest fires caused by man, whether it’s intentional or accidental. Water shortagesRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment912 Words   |  4 PagesRainforests today are disappearing at an alarming rate as a result of deforestation for commercial purposes such as logging, agriculture, and livestock and the probable solution are becoming far from realistic as the expansion becomes bigger and bigger. Every year, an estimated 18 million acres are destroyed for various reasons, including paper, timber. An average of two football field sizes of pre cious rainforest are torn down, killing millions of animals and destroying valuable pharmaceutical plantsRead MoreThe Effects Of Deforestation On The Environment953 Words   |  4 PagesAir Pollution Deforestation has been an ongoing activity in both the North and South Island in relatively equal measures. Since New Zealand was inhabited, Maori and European settlers have exploited the forests in New Zealand, reducing them from 82% to 23% of the surface area throughout the country. (Ewersa et al,, 2006). This is a great volume of vegetation which has been removed from the earth’s surface. In return, many harmful impacts are being imposed on the environment. One of these is the increasedRead MoreDeforestation of Our Rainforests931 Words   |  4 PagesThe most destructive and harmful tragedy that our rainforests, specifically the Amazon, suffer from is deforestation. Deforestation is the clearing or destruction of land throughout forests. Unfortunately, human beings are the number one cause of deforestation throughout the world. The reason if this is simply because we use the wood mainly for things like hydroelectric dams that power communities, palm oil for its biofuel res ourcefulness, and the mining for diamond and gold. Another reason wouldRead MoreDeforestation And Environment1402 Words   |  6 Pages Deforestation is an increasing global crisis and is mainly caused by human actions. Forests cover approximately 31% of the area on the planet (Deforestation, n.d.). Deforestation is the destruction of a wide area of forest land into a cleared land that is used for a variety of reasons. The impact on the environment from cutting down, burning and damaging forests is very detrimental and there are severe consequences for the environment and future generations due to deforestation. According to theRead MoreCause And Effect Of Deforestation1259 Words   |  6 Pages2 28 October 2015 Cause and Effect of Deforestation Deforestation is a problem that does not concern many people, but it is an issue that the people of Earth need to deal with. In the past 50 years deforestation has increased a significant amount, but people around the world have been removing the forests since the 1600s. The forests remaining are in danger as the human population goes up, the need for resources will also increase and this will make the deforestation of the last forests come quicker

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Central Nervous System ( Cns ) Development - 1575 Words

Introduction Central nervous system (CNS) development is complex, as genetic and environmental factors influence rapidly occurring processes throughout prenatal life. During CNS development, phylogenetically primordial regions of the brain develop first, followed by more complex structures. When this procedure is disrupted, teratogenic outcomes are often observed, leading to serious mental or motor dysfunctions if not fetal death (Martin and Dombrowski, 2008). Thus the prenatal CNS is vulnerable to environmental factors, such as folate deficiency (FD), during rapidly developing periods, producing detrimental outcomes, for example neural tube defects (NTD). Folate Folate is a necessary vitamin part of the B complex group, not synthesized de novo, but consumed through foods such as leafy green vegetables (Djukic, 2007). In the developing fetus, folate transport across the placenta is regulated by reduced-folate-carriers and folate receptor proteins, which allow large folate requirements needed for high cell proliferation rates to be met. Both also show an increased pattern of expression during neural tube closure, indicating that folate has a crucial role in CNS development (Djukic, 2007). Fleming and Copp (1998) demonstrated this by successfully treating mice embryos predisposed to neural tube defects using folic acid supplements. The mechanism of its action on neural tube development is currently still not fully understood. However it is known that folate is crucial forShow MoreRelatedâ€Å"There is evidence that PME directly affects the development of the central nervous system (CNS) in700 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"There is evidence that PME directly affects the development of the central nervous system (CNS) in both animals and humans† (Day, Goldschmidt Thomas, 2006). In this article, whether or not prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) contributes to marijuana use at age fourteen is studied. Over the years the use of marijuana and its effects on adolescents has increased. There have been attempts to prevent the use of marijuana among adolescents, but in order to prevent something you have to know the reasonRead MoreCentral Nervous System1222 Words   |  5 PagesThe central nervous system (CNS) is that portion of the vertebrae nervous system that is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Together with the peripheral nervous system (PNS), the other major portion of the nervous system, the CNS coordinates the bodys interaction with the environment. The CNS is contained within the dorsal cavity, with the brain in the cranial subcavity (the skull), and the spinal cord in the spinal cavity (within the vertebral column). Then human nervous system is the mostRead MoreDeveloping A Composite Scaffold That Integrates Growth Factors935 Words   |  4 Pagesscarring in injuries to the central nervous system (CNS). The environment formed from glial scarring is inhibitory to the development and survival of cells that are implanted at the site of injury, chiefly due to the inability of axons to extend through glial scars. However, glial scarring is necessary to protect brain tissue from infection and to prevent additional cell damage. Hence, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approaches for effective treatment of CNS injuries are subject to extensiveRead MoreEffects Of Alcohol On The Nervous System1280 Words   |  6 Pageswithout adults in order to be more excited or ‘cool’. Having alcohol has negative affects on the nervous system and other body organs. Biochemistry behind the issue ââ€"  The interaction of the chemical with nerves The brain is made up of more than 100 billion neurons. Each makes tens of thousands of connections. Alcohol will destroy or even kill neurons. This will make a great harm to teenagers brain development. Alcohol is able to seep into the brain because it can go across the blood brain barrier. ThisRead MoreThe Nervous System And Peripheral Nervous Systems958 Words   |  4 PagesThe nervous system has three general functions: a sensory function, an interpretative function and a motor function. Sensory nerves gather information from inside the body and the outside environment. The nerves then carry the information to central nervous system (CNS). Nervous tissue consists of two main types of cells: neurons and neuroglia. Neurons also so known as nerve cells ) transmit nerve impulses that move information around the body. Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous SystemRead MoreEssay On Congenital Insensitivity To Pain With Anhidrosis814 Words   |  4 Pagesdangerous because of how it affects and damages the functions of the nervous system. The nervous system is in many ways the most vital system of the body. It is responsible for monitoring and regulating homeostasis, coordinating voluntary and involuntary responses and integrating sensory information. Anatomically, it is divided into two sections: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS controls the brain and spinal cord and â€Å"integrates and coordinates sensoryRead MoreNervous Systems And The Nervous System1386 Words   |  6 Pages The nervous system is a system of nerve cells and fibres that transmit electrical impulses throughout the whole body. The nervous system is made up of two systems; the central nervous system or CNS and the peripheral nervous system or PNS. The CNS is made up of the brain and the spinal cord (see Figure 1.0 below), these are protected by bone and cushioned by cerebrospinal fluid, and the PNS is the nervous around the rest of the body. The PNS consists of motor neurons, sensory neurons, somatic nervousRead MoreA New Field Of Science1256 Words   |  6 Pagesgrowth of the brain goes on till a child’s 6th year of age, given it its wrinkled appearance. The cells that constitute the nervous system are called neurons (or nerve cells) and glial cells. The Glial Cells (with glia meaning â€Å"glue†) make up a great percentage of the brain’s cells but they do not carry nerve impulses. What they do is maintain and develop the nervous system by providing the necessary comp osition for it like myelin (serves as a layer for axon and for boosting transmission speed).Read MoreParkinson s Disease ( Cns ) And The Peripheral Nervous System999 Words   |  4 Pagesareas that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine† (Fischer, 1999). It affects the nervous system, more specifically it affects the nerve cells in your brain that secrete dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical that is responsible for the movement and coordination of the musculoskeletal system. The nervous system is composed of two separate systems: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS includes the brain and spinal cord while the PNS consists of the nerves that areRead MoreExamining Compounds That Affect Mitochondrial Transport Essay977 Words   |  4 Pagesdevelop CNS (Central Nervous System) active drugs. CNS disorders are not only staggeringly complex but are poorly treated diseases (Palmer and Stephenson, 2005). In the United States alone the annual cost for stroke, depression, Schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease are currently estimated to be over $250 billion annually (Pangalos et al., 2007). Despite the advances in translational medicine and pharmaceutical research little progress has been made in developing CNS therapeutics. Improving CNS drug

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Generational Accounting Theory and Application System

Question: Discuss about the Generational Accounting for Theory and Application System. Answer: Introduction The current research states the critical analysis of the topic named as Half a Defence of Positive Accounting Research and is written by the author Paul V Dunmore. The study investigated regarding the optimistic approach about accounting research, especially the article summary, theoretical framework, research questions of the paper. It will also state the obligations and the significance of the research and the deductions related to the current research paper. The current research analysed the epistemology and ontology of the research operations and widely explained the concept of optimistic accounting that are intended to establish various justifications related to the human behaviour with regard to the accounting aspect (Miller and Power 2013). It is found that the testing of statistical hypothesis is weaker as compared to the fabrication criteria. However, the primary issues involves the formation of various theoretical model that are required to be analysed, treating the various numerical figures as same way, relying on the validity of hypothesis analysis unnecessarily to assure the acknowledged surveillance and the theories as well as the principle to investigate various qualitative data instead of illustrating them (Ghanbari et al., 2016). The present study carried out a methodical investigation with regard to the epistemology and ontology of the positive research about accounting. It taken into consideration the reason why the practice for accounting research are not carried out efficiently and what are the issue it facing regarding following the research (Rogers and Van Buskirk 2013). However the evaluation of the study focussed on the optimistic strategy that are aimed to implement various justification regarding the behaviour of human associated with the accounting approach. Apart from this, the study also lists down various reasons behind the specific behaviour of individual in context of various business organizations where the formal interactions between the employees are substituted by informal approach of obtaining considerable data required for decision-making aspect of the business. Moreover, this study undertook various scientific approaches with rational investigation to establish the hypothesis of the res earch. Furthermore, the article provided critical analysis of various projects that has epistemological as well as ontological hypothesis and fount out the gap related to the optimistic research of accounting. These are more likely to create obligation from aiding to the undertaken projects. The study also explained the occurrence of positive research (Needles, Powers and Crosson 2013). The qualitative characteristic of the study reveals the causes of developing the understanding for the particular experience before going for the qualitative research. The price of the research explicated the relevant concepts of the scientific Epistemology and ontology and provides the development of hypothesis explanations and testing in the way the significant theories are prepared. Various other intention and purposes of the study are to value the theories and find out the strength and weaknesses associated with the theories. The process of the research also explains the requirement of a positive and effective research process that are inclusive of the systematic model of analytical assessment, susceptible models that are strongly verified and aimed mainly on the measurement of the research data and give less importance to replication and testing approach (Biondi and Zambon 2013). More detailed approach of analysis for getting the outcomes from the research study proposes that scopes are always there for improving the policies to analyse the theoretical models appropriately. Moreover, the concepts are required to be activated through searching the alternative approaches for various models. After finding the suitable alternative, the alternative shall be implemented on trial basis and shall be set-up as the standard for all the further studies instead of searching for further alternatives for the measurement of the models. Apart from this, the study suggests that the focus must be shifted from testing procedures to projection of the constraint of the research. It will assist in the comparison of various confidence intervals that will be compared with the constraints and state the projection of various theoretical models with regard to various parameters of measurements. Further, the documents related to the research paper must be documented for further measurem ents of various important concepts that will assist in particular theorys testing procedures. Moreover, there is requirement of all the comprehensive strategies that will authenticate the conclusions out of the hypothesis testing (Freeman et al. 2014). Assessment as well as the observation of the research data assists in drawing the conclusion regarding the result, which in future will provide various advises about how the research is to be carried out. Further, the study reveals that why there is a variance in the research trend. The research further suggest that based on the research outcomes special models that will be more explanatory shall be implemented to get the clear idea. However, these may be vulnerable at times but has to be carried out on a serious note to experience the fair analysis. However, the result shows depressing outcome that there is very less advancement in the field of positive research and the reason behind this is that most of the researcher use the ad-hoc approach while carrying out the research and it leads to probability of connections among two or more variables. It is further noted that the set-up models are not used exclusively or there are loopholes in the set-up models itself. Questions related to the research The questions of the research study are aimed to: Evaluate the way in which the various aspects of epistemology as well as ontology can impact the particular research procedures Crucially evaluate the limit to which the actual positive research program related to accounting can help in achieving the various scientific purposes Investigate the way in which the normal science can be released for positive accounting on the procedure of achieving the projections. Critically analyse whether the procedures of positive research can be accepted for broader concept rather than considering for the positive accounting theories. Subsequently, the questions for the research are framed as follows: How the various aspects of epistemology and ontology can leave their impact on the particular research process? How the positive research procedures for accounting can assist in attainment of various scientific intentions? How the testing approach, hypothesis approach and observation approach that is suggested by Kuhn can help in liberalization of accounting process particularly the positive accounting process? How do the weaknesses of the research are measured and in what manner they are minimised? Theoretical framework The framework of the study explains the theories of the research specifically the theories related to the positive accounting. As a result, the study explained the structure and the framework of the study that can assist in the entire process of the research and can support the theoretical concepts of the research process. The theoretical approach of the research procedures explains the origination of problem and the measures that can be taken to minimise the impact of the issues. Apart from this, the structure of the theoretical process also aims at the explanations regarding the scientific epistemology with the ontology objectives that are required for the positive accounting approach (Bryer 2014). Importantly, the accounting concept deals with wide philosophy of gains, sales revenue, expenses, earnings, depreciation, losses incurred and various other factors involved with the research procedures. However, when the accounting theory is viewed with regard to the theoretical approach es that there are various underlying propositions with regard to the establishment of reality that can be associated with the realistic theory of philosophy as explained may establish various aspects of research process. However, wide variance found on the specific assumption of ontology can be considered as insufficient if the outcomes along with the accounting roles with regard to the society and business concerns are accounted in detail. It can be further explained as the positive epistemology with the ontology that may not be accurate but not irrational or incompatible. Significance and limitations of the study The present research helps in gaining deep knowledge about the theory of positive accounting with regard to the broad aspect of research function that are targeted to increase the specific formal relations of accounting set-up with the human conduct. On the other hand, the study has made wide research regarding the intellectual projects in association with scientific research that can be used to make out the cause and effect relationship among the various research procedures. Moreover, the study further assists in getting the clear idea about specific scientific research procedure that are used in various sectors of economics, social science and many other sectors like accounting that can be marked as positive research (Bublitz, Philipich and Blatz 2015). Furthermore, the research explains through usage of various examples that the positive eresearch procedures is wider as compared to the positive accounting theory. It also helps in gaining knowledge of various theories as well as co ncepts and the way in which the normal science of Kuhn can be regarded as appropriate for the research of positive accounting theory. However, the major outcome includes the results that are statistically considerable and at the same time includes the theories that takes into consideration the uninterpretitive coefficients that are associated with wider uncertain dimensions that are considered as unstable. It is very normal that there exist some limitations to the study. The reason behind the statistical hypothesis testing for the analogues of Poppers falsification measure may be accounted as a delicate matter. Moreover, the implementation of various models can lead to the obligation for the procedures of positive research (Bonin 2013). Moreover, the illustration that is offered by Kuhn is considered as non-radical. As a result the association among the various notions with regard to epistemology along with ontology that is taken into account in this case and the wide varieties of r eal theories can be considered as illustrative. Another obligation associated with this is the progress rate of scientific projects is identified as slow. Therefore, with the objectives of making positive attributes to the scientific research procedures, the research in the field of accounting can be regarded as progressive and the rate of progress can be considered as misleading in nature. However, the concept does not explain the way in which the positive attributes can be provided to the projects of scientific research and the way to response quickly (Ardill 2015). Conclusion: The study analysed the epistemology and ontology for the research of positive accounting and found out how the present practice for research related to accounting are limited to carry out the research procedures efficiently. It has been found out that there is a requirement for progressive theoretical models, for instance, models that are highly specific and at the same time highly unpredictable and that are seriously taken into consideration for testing in detail. Next, it is found that there of a requirement for better measurement that will assist in precise testing of the models. The concepts are required to be carried out carefully through searching for the alternatives for the crucial concepts that can be proved to be reliable with the alternatives of the crucial concepts. Further, there is a need for shifting the focus from testing of hypothesis to projection of parameters. The confidence intervals associated with parameters shall be compared with the theoretical estimations. N ext, there is a requirement of data measurement archives for the crucial concepts, for both the specific theories as well as the contributories to the archives. Finally, there is a requirement for extreme replication for validating the outcomes of hypothesis testing and to confirm the measurement accuracy and finding out the limitation of the implementation of research findings. Reference: Ardill, A.W., 2015. The Ideology and rhetoric of positive accounting theory. Biondi, Y. and Zambon, S. eds., 2013. Accounting and business economics: Insights from national traditions. Routledge. Bonin, H., 2013.Generational accounting: theory and application. Springer Science Business Media. Bryer, A.R., 2014. Conscious practices and purposive action: A qualitative study of accounting and social change. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 25(2), pp.93-103. Bublitz, B., Philipich, K. and Blatz, R., 2015. An Example of the Use of Research Methods and Findings as an Experiential Learning Exercise in an Accounting Theory Course.Journal of Instructional Pedagogies,16. Freeman, R.J., Shoulders, C.D., Allison, G.S., Smith Jr, G.R. and Becker, C.J., 2014. Governmental and nonprofit accounting: Theory and practice. JPAEJOURNAL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS EDUCATION VOLUME 20 NUMBER 3, p.441. Ghanbari, M., Manesh, M.Z., Hamid Khorasani, M.H. and Nejad, H., 2016. PAT (Positive Accounting Theory) and Natural Science. Miller, P. and Power, M., 2013. Accounting, organizing, and economizing: Connecting accounting research and organization theory. Academy of Management Annals, 7(1), pp.557-605. Needles, B.E., Powers, M. and Crosson, S.V., 2013. Principles of accounting. Cengage Learning. Rogers, J.L. and Van Buskirk, A., 2013. Bundled forecasts in empirical accounting research. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 55(1), pp.43-65.

Friday, April 10, 2020

SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc. Essay Essay Example

SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc. Essay Paper History of Apple Inc. Since its origin in 1976. the Cupertino headquartered transnational has recorded monolithic growing beyond the industry of personal computing machines. It has become a taking participant in planing and marketing consumer electronics. computing machine package and distribution of digital media content. Although sing a period of coggling gross revenues of its personal computing machine line and ouster of Steve Jobs in 1985. the acquisition of Next in 1996 marked a turnaround for the company. With Steve on board. the CEO led a corporate doctrine of prioritising recognizable merchandises and simpleness in design that has established Apple Inc. . a shaping trade name through its revolutionizing nomadic media merchandises and calculating devices ( Gupta A ; Prinzinger. 2013 ) . In today’s information and engineering sector. Apple Inc. is arguably among the most advanced organisations incorporated in the last four decennaries. We will write a custom essay sample on SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc. Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc. Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc. Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Although being an information engineering giant that brought to the market merchandises and services that revolutionized the planetary consumer markets. Apple’s success emerges from incorporating advanced engineering with Steve’s airy personality. stressing corporate secretiveness and simpleness of undertaking squads in merchandise design ( Mallin A ; Finkle. 2011 ) . The success narrative of the corporation is attributed to its mileposts in the 2nd reign of Steve. including the world’s 2nd largest information engineering company by gross. the 3rd largest nomadic phone shaper. and the most admired company from 2008-2012 ( CrunchBase. 2014 ) . SWOT Analysis Performing a SWOT analysis involves the rating of a company based upon its internal strengths and failings. alongside external chances and menaces to obtain elaborate position of its hereafter. Organizational Strengths Invention The information and engineering environment show a clime of accelerated growing with rivals endeavoring to carry through better merchandise portfolio through invention. Apple accomplishes invention through relentless oppugning. re-imagining and iterating on every facet of the merchandise through design. development and selling. to condense it into a signifier. which straight meets their customers’ demands ( Webb. 2012 ) . This invention civilization enables the company design and market revolutionizing merchandises despite confronting tougher competition every morning. This civilization being nurtured since its origin enables the company to prolong its impulse by working at the same time on hardware. package and services that derive great client experience ( France-Presse. 2013 ) . Invention sustained through proactive orientation enables the company to avoid cases. it would see complete out-performance of nimble rivals. Consequently. the company emphasizes incremental inventions and the extension of its merchandise line to work emerging market spreads and output optimal client experience. The secretiveness nucleus emphasized by Apple doctrine. sustains a originative ambiance within the company through close competition between undertaking squads. Clarity of focal point by the Apple Design Teams enables the undertaking members to travel to extreme lengths in work outing the most intricate of jobs and give to detail that leads to the holistic merchandise experience ( Webb. 2012 ) . Against the modern-day feeling that invention outputs solutions to challenges confronting the organisation. Apple sustains existent subject and echt appetency for achieving better merchandises and services. which involves concentrating on terminal users in the full development procedure. Given the modern age of ubiquitous invention. Apple’s think-different image enables the company to present market-disrupting merchandises by concentrating on inventions that suit the consumer market it understand and the originative market it focuses upon ( Ezop. 2011 ) . Although rivals are besides advanced. the originative agitation of its merchandises including the iPod. Mac Pro and iOS7 demonstrate Apple’s advanced civilization. a nucleus competency driving it towards future success. Design With rivals working difficult to turn over out the alone design in their merchandises. Apple derives its repute from its merchandises that generate unbelievable trade name trueness. The company sustains this through handpicked design squads that commit on a outlook that extend beyond the completion of the undertaking within the stipulated clip. Here. the company nurtures a collaborative environment and committedness of different squads in researching new kingdoms of possibility. and polish all parts of the development procedure to present a superior solution ( Webb. 2012 ) . Sing the eternal competition posed by challengers such as Nokia and Samsung. Apple sustains its big customer-base by striking back with merchandises that revive its design infinite. The company manages this through product-line extensions and incremental inventions that provide a makeover such as the iOS7 owing to its alone multi-layered and semitransparent experience aimed at wowing end-users acquiring bored wit h Io ( Tokerud. 2013 ) . Emphasis on alone design infinite in Apple sustains the company’s repute that attracts immense client trueness. With its clients wishful of high-end merchandises. the company achieves this by piecing a design squad of huge endowment to prolong its repute of quality digital media and calculating devices. For case. Apple’s specifying qualities are about utilizing: easiness and simpleness with an intense focal point on cut downing the component down to its most simplistic and indispensable footing ( Webb. 2012 ) . The company accomplishes this through repeated paradigms by make overing on the product’s bantam inside informations. This translates into a differentiation channel that facilitates the company’s innovativeness right from its research centres to the selling of its merchandises. Similarly. Apple leading in the design infinite furthers the Apple civilization of invention. which attracts client trueness demonstrated in strong fiscal public presentation ( Jurevicius. 2013 ) . Organization Weakness Premium Pricing Apple Inc. carves out a market place through its premium pricing scheme attributed to its quality-packed merchandises and alone designs. While the company markets its merchandises viewed as high-end devices to bring forth the best client experience. it risks losing out its market portion to rivals siting high with cheaper merchandises utilizing the Android operating system. Sing the tough economic times strangulating the disposable incomes of consumers. Apple hazards losing loyal clients in India and China as they switch to cheaper trade names from rivals ( Jurevicius. 2013 ) . Although the company leverages its economic systems of graduated table. it continued invention. ensuing in packaged merchandises that attract premium monetary values that hardly factor in the client fiscal affordability. This forces clients to seek inexpensive replacements from rivals. Incompatibility of Apple Operating System Apple merchandises operate through unique hardware and package system that is entirely compatible with its merchandise series. In this respect. terminal users are limited to Apple merchandises and experience surety. as they can non incorporate with merchandises from other makers. unlike their opposite numbers utilizing Microsoft runing systems. This limitation is unpopular in consumer markets pitching towards planetary integrating. therefore the penchant to remain accustomed to competitors’ merchandises including Microsoft and Intel merchandise lines. This leads to stagnant market portion with possible to worsen as Apple can non act upon its possible clients and carry them to leap into utilizing Apple’s closed ecosystem merchandises. therefore a long-run gross border diminution ( Jurevicius. 2013 ) . Switch overing to merchandise lines compatible with selected merchandises from other makers would protect the eroding of its market portion. Organization Opportunities Explosive Demand of Smartphones and Tablets The desire of consumers to encompass technological promotions that enable them to deduce maximal end product from their Mobile and calculating devices is driving an explosive demand of smartphones and tablets. In a dramatic mark of how consumer gustatory sensations have shifted to new. more exciting radio merchandises. planetary factor gross for smartphones and tablets are lifting every twelvemonth as end-users find more value in their versatility and utility ( Segundo. 2013 ) . As these merchandises drive the demand for smart-connected devices ( SCD ) section following consumers switch to detailed use forms. it opens chances for tablet and smartphone makers. Sing that the market is still sing its accelerated enlargement period. Apple should work such chances by diversifying its tablet and smartphone lines through market-oriented attack to prolong and better its gross revenues gross. Growth in Mobile Advertisement The planetary demand of nomadic advertizement is speed uping in tandem with the mass incursion of nomadic phones across the universe. This arises in the aftermath of planetary interconnection in the information epoch owing to the technological promotion taking to low-cost communicating appliance. This presents an chance for nomadic advertizement channels as most organisations seek to retain direct contact with their mark clients. This is a dual-win chance for Apple to foster the incursion of its smartphones and prehend advertizement through its iAd advertisement platform ( Jurevicius. 2013 ) . As the company incorporates iAd in its closed ecosystem of its merchandise lines. this would interpret into gross beginnings given the personal relationships nomadic users set up with their phones. Entry to this nomadic advertisement section would tag a new beginning of gross as companies embrace iAd advertisement channel to make their consumers. Menaces Rapid Change in Technology Today’s environment is driven by rapid technological promotion that threatens its bing comparative advantages. This has made it easy for other technology-based companies encompassing the latest techniques let go of better merchandises every twenty-four hours. faster than Apple would alter its merchandise lines. Leting that. companies that fail to maintain abreast with the competition have seen their gross lines decline as clients switch to cheaper and better merchandises that yield more satisfaction for them. Apple may shortly fall a victim. Although Apple’s success is based upon advanced merchandises. acceptance of replacement merchandises such as Android by its challengers make its debuts have undistinguished impact in the extremely competitory market ( Jurevicius. 2013 ) . Particularly. the incursion of the Android operating system drains the power of iOS power. therefore reduced gross where Apple can non act upon consumers buy its merchandises. Agile Competition The company operates in extremely competitory sections where rivals are endeavoring to outwit each other through latest advanced designs. In peculiar. Apple faces menace from turning presence of reprisal merchandises and services from Nokia. Google and Samsung companies as they gear towards market enlargement. For illustration. Nokia is seeking to shoot fresh impulse into its smartphone scheme with merchandise releases that answers the iPhone domination ( Parker A ; Ward. 2009 ) . This would consequentially cut down gross as other companies adopt a similar scheme. besides the entry of new operators in the Apple-dominated sections. Sing the looming force per unit area from Samsung’s over cardinal constituents interpreting into higher monetary values for its application processors. Apple faces lifting production costs that could farther gnaw its long-run net income borders. already sing gradual eroding by the incursion of rivals’ merchandises. Drumhead Extension of the merchandise lines under its simpleness and leading design scheme enables Apple to prolong its enormous growing in the information-technology and consumer electronics sector. Although variegation of the company’s merchandise portfolio to integrate digital media and nomadic merchandises attracts immense gross. client focal point in its merchandises has grown Apple to the most valuable organisation. Unlike its challengers. Apple applies a alone doctrine of better invention and its lead in the design infinite to foster its trade name repute that translate to stronger fiscal returns. However. the company must endure down stiff competition from challengers such as Samsung. Nokia and Microsoft through high-end inventions. Furthermore. variegation to work chances such as nomadic selling channels and unsaturated SCD markets would give more gross. Unless Apple keeps gait with the technological promotions such as Android easing the release of merchandises by its challengers. curtailing its loyal clients to a closed ecosystem of its merchandises is neer plenty screening to its long-run nutriment of its trade name repute. MentionsCrunchBase. ( 2014 ) . Apple. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. crunchbase. com/company/apple Ezop. ( 2011 ) . The Patterns of Successful Innovation. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ezopandassociates. com/nwsltr201109. html France-Presse. A. ( 2013 ) . Apple’s ‘magic’ and invention its biggest strength. says CEO Tim Cook. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //gadgets. ndtv. com/mobiles/news/apples-magic-and-innovation-its-biggest-strength-says-ceo-tim-cook-330109 Jurevicius. O. ( 2013 ) . Strategic Management Insight of Apple. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. strategicmanagementinsight. com/swot-analyses/apple-swot-analysis. Html Mallin. M. L. . A ; Finkle. T. A. ( 2011 ) . Apple Inc. : Product Portfolio Analysis. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies. 17 ( 7 ) . 63-74. Parker. A. . A ; Ward. A. ( 2009 ) . Noki a main pledges assault on Apple in war of the smartphones. Financial Times. Segundo. E. ( 2013 ) . Combined Smartphone and Tablet Factory Revenue to Exceed Entire Consumer Electronics Market This Year. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //press. ihs. com/press-release/design-supply-chain-media/combined-smartphone-and-tablet-factory-revenue-exceed-entire Tokerud. J. ( 2013 ) . Apple Strengths and Weaknesses 2013. Retrieved Janaury 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. tokerud. com/apple-strengths-and-weaknesses-2013/ Webb. J. ( 2012 ) . 10 Success Principles of Apple’s Innovation Master. Retrieved January 08. 2014 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. innovationexcellence. com/blog/2012/04/30/10-success-principles-of-apples-innovation-master-jonathan-ive/

Monday, March 9, 2020

Friendship According to Rowson and Brown †Literature Essay

Friendship According to Rowson and Brown – Literature Essay Free Online Research Papers Friendship According to Rowson and Brown Literature Essay Friendship, according to some literature of the late 1700’s, seems to serve as a reprieve to those in need of advice or comfort, and as a duty for those who are able to give either. Friendship offers a salvation to those who do not know which way to turn when it comes to love and life, as well as those with any number of faults or problems who need help in making important decisions and someone to turn to when they are facing complications in life. The importance of friendship and support among women is explicitly demonstrated by William Hill Brown in The Power of Sympathy, Susanna Rowson in Charlotte Temple, and Charles Brockden Brown in Ormond. As each of these authors demonstrate, alliances and love shared between women are essential for the survival, and for the happiness, of women at a time of such revolutionary change. Friendship in Brown’s The Power of Sympathy is exhibited as the source of advice and intelligence. In her letters to her friends Myra and Harriot, Mrs. Holmes constantly gives advice against the wiles of men and the dangers of seduction. Mrs. Holmes attempts to warn her friends against the dangers of naivetà © and to promote the power of education, telling them to keep their innocence and to recognize the importance of learning. She also attempts to warn Harriot of the dangers of her relationship with Harrington, eventually telling Harriot of her sibling connection with Harrington when her subtler endeavors fail. Mrs. Holmes takes it upon herself to tell the truth when it comes to the good and protection of her friend Harriot, revealing the truth no matter how much it pains her to do so. In this way, Brown demonstrates how friendship can serve as a resource for women, as a forum for advice and for the truth. Mrs. Holmes takes her duties as a friend to these women seriou sly and warns them against the dangers they are up against, even though the outcome is not to be desired. In this instance, as well as in others found in literature of the time, friendship is a source of protection, and will be essential when it comes to survival and pleasure in life. True friendship is emphasized as the only type of relationship women should place faith into in Rowson’s Charlotte Temple, and is illustrated as an element of one’s life which can either aid or ruin a vulnerable woman during her time of need. Friendship has the opportunity to save a broken woman or to lead her into misery, the latter of which is illustrated in Charlotte’s relationship with Mademoiselle La Rue. La Rue takes advantage of Charlotte’s trust in her friendship by using her as a ticket out of England. La Rue does not protect or advise Charlotte in a manner beneficial to her situation, but instead places Charlotte at risk, harming her and serving as an example of a woman not doing her duty as a friend. In this instance, friendship does not work the way it is supposed to, and has devastating effects for Charlotte. However, La Rue’s false friendship does not go unpunished, as she eventually ends up in misery, devastated as a result of he r scheming. Had she been a friend the way Rowson and other eighteenth-century authors believed a woman should have been, La Rue could have protected Charlotte or warned her to stay away from Montraville. Perhaps then, La Rue and Charlotte would have encountered much happier endings. Through La Rue’s actions and eventual failure and misery, Rowson bestows on her readers a lesson of the importance of friendship, showing the ill-effects that can arise when friendship is not used correctly. The good consequences of friendship are demonstrated in Charlotte Temple through Charlotte’s other real friendships, which she eventually finds in America. Charlotte’s friendship with her neighbor, Mrs. Beauchamp, serves to sustain her during her lonely days outside of New York, and brings her an ounce of happiness at a time when she has little else to live for and when everyone else seemed to have forsaken her. Mrs. Beauchamp is there to lift Charlotte’s spirits, and she is willing to help her in any way she possibly can. In fact, if Mrs. Beauchamp had been around when Charlotte is forced to leave her home, she could have undoubtedly given her the reprieve she needed and prevented the despair and fatigue which eventually kills her. Mrs. Beauchamp could have saved Charlotte’s life. Friendship could have had the power to save Charlotte’s life. The saving power of friendship is demonstrated in Charles Brockden Brown’s Ormond as well. Constantia has a healing effect on Helena when she is in most need of a friend, and she even goes so far as to appeal to Ormond to marry Helena to save her reputation and her happiness. Undoubtedly, Constantia’s friendship serves to raise Helena’s spirits, keeping her from her melancholy fate as long as possible. Although Helena eventually ends her life, it is not Constantia who causes such a dire even to happen; Constantia can not even fathom a relationship with Ormond which would come between him and her friend Helena. All Constantia desires is to help her friend, and she does so by offering her kindness, advice, and help when it is most needed. Again, friendship is a place for a woman to turn, and serves as a bright spot in an existence which in this case is full of misery. Even though her friendship could not prevent Helena’s death, Constantia is there to m ake her life better and to offer her protection and love for a short time. The success of friendship as protection and reprieve is also demonstrated in Ormond, through the friendship between Constantia and Sophia. The devotion between Constantia and Sophia is demonstrated over and over in Ormond, and Sophia’s concern for the welfare of her friend continues to be proven throughout the later section of the work. Through the relationship between the two, Brown seems to be supporting the idea that it is up to women and their concern and care for each other to serve as protectors and sources of aid and advice for each other. Not only do Constantia and Sophia derive enjoyment from being in each others’ company, but in the end of the work, Sophia comes to Constantia’s aid when she is locked in the mansion. Sophia goes to every extreme to protect Constantia from the malice of Ormond, hurrying to her side when she suspects or senses any danger and being there for her when she is in need. Sophia even travels across the ocean to find her frie nd, yearning to help her when hearing of Craig’s betrayal of Constantia’s family and her and her father’s poverty and bad luck. While Ormond offers Constantia nothing but threats and more sorrow, Sophia sacrifices her time and safety in order to help her friend. At a time when Constantia has no where to look for help, at least emotionally, she has a friend to count on, demonstrating that friendships between women are the best source of support among women. Again, friendships between women are expressed as the answer, as the haven for protection, advice, and happiness. As men in these works continued to seduce and hurt women, it is up to women to bond together to offer each other the companionship and love they may otherwise lack. The authors of these works seem to be supporting the idea that women should learn to turn to each other when in need, and that men have little to offer when it comes to comfort and safety. The works seems to serve as warning to women readers, advising them to seek the happiness essential to life not through their relationships with men, but in their friendships with women. Only by finding a friend worth trusting and by being a woman others can call a friend, can a woman find happiness in such a world of danger and unceasing change. Research Papers on Friendship According to Rowson and Brown - Literature EssayThe Fifth HorsemanMind TravelHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionAnalysis Of A Cosmetics AdvertisementInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married MalesThree Concepts of PsychodynamicAppeasement Policy Towards the Outbreak of World War 2Personal Experience with Teen PregnancyAnalysis of Ebay Expanding into AsiaResearch Process Part One

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Marketing product and pricing Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Marketing product and pricing - Assignment Example The grounded brand image relays one of a customer who looks for relaxation, fun, past time and possesses a competitive personality. Sony PS3 brand personality has characteristics that support the image it portrays. It’s one that represents excitement for a broad range of customer demographics as the game cartridges can be designed to target a vast range of customers. The image of the device fits into a broad range of characteristics because the cartridges may be geared toward a vast customer base. Image characteristics can be targeted toward those who define themselves with having characteristics such as rugged, sophisticated, competent and sincere. 3. The Sony PS3 can be considered inelastic as it is not that sensitive to product consumer demand. The price generally remains stable throughout the year. The price may change during specific promotions or times, such as the launch of a new version, upgrades or the holiday season, which increases product consumer demand. The constant price of the product may contribute to the rapid technological advances that occur with the system. The product typically metamorphoses annually, which spawns consumer demand and bring the consumer back to the store to purchase the product. 4. The price adjustment strategy that PS3 could use is promotional pricing. The unit sales best when alterations have been made to the system which is typically on an annual basis. Also, the holidays generally cause a sharp increase in sales, however sales are stagnant at other times. By using the promotional strategy, which is a temporary reduction in price, this may spawn a buying frenzy at what may otherwise be a stagnant period of time. I would exploit this strategy midway between the launch of a new product and the holiday season to keep a momentum in

Thursday, February 6, 2020

What is a pestle in university of hertfordshire Essay

What is a pestle in university of hertfordshire - Essay Example Some of these factors include interest rates, change in taxation, economic growth, inflation and even exchange rates. When these factors are not considered when making critical decisions in the organization, they may impact negatively to the organization. The level of competition also has an impact on the overall decision to be made by an organization. Third factor is sociological factors. Cultural factor may negatively impact on the success of a product in the market. Other social factors such as the religion may also have a negative impact on the organization. Fourth macro-factor that may affect the organization is technology. New technologies create new products and create a demand of specific services. Technology also poses a threat to the organization through increasing the level of competition. In addition, it creates new opportunities. Climatic factors such as weather and climate change may have a negative impact on the organization. Some of the organizations that are likely to be affected by this sector include farming, tourism and also insurance. Lastly, Legal factors also affect the organizations existence and performance. Legal changes might bring about changes in the consumption behavior of the people. Passing of new laws may therefore create new opportunity or eliminate the product from the